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Social Issues of the 1930s

Background Information



World War II awakened the country to an economic stability once thought unfeasible. Not more than thirty years before, America had reached another economic peak. So, the time period between the two couldn’t have been too bad… right?

Unfortunately, this statement couldn’t have been more wrong. As stated, before America’s streak of heard times, life was pretty good. Or at least, people thought it was. The tightly rolled ball of cash granted Americans a false hope. False in the sense that the money wasn’t truly theirs. This surplus, the same surplus that didn’t truthfully belong to them, as put forth into investments. Investments of stocks. These stocks were used as collateral for other stocks. This in itself would have been fine if not for the fact that technological advancements allowed for an over-production of goods. With no one to buy said goods, the stock market collapsed. In doing so, millions of Americans were no longer able to pay back their loans, resulting in what may be considered a national bankruptcy. The ripple effect this incident caused is said to be a major contributing factor in the start of the “Great Depression.”

The economic depression caused a drastic decrease in the cost of certain goods and services. Among which are agricultural crops. In an effort to maintain their livelihood, many farmers turned to producing more crops. This added production bled the earth of vital minerals and nourishment. A sea of green leaves and crops withered into an ocean of dirt and sand. Lack of production meant a lack in income; a lack in income meant no longer being able to pay loans and taxes. Thus, the land no longer belonged to the farmers. Despite everything, hope remained in the small fliers promising work in California.

Police removing sit-down strikers